Causes of Neurologic Disorders in Children

Child coloring

The growth of the human brain starts at conception and continues throughout pregnancy, infancy, and adolescence. Any disruption in normal growth over this period results in neurologic disorders.

You should visit a well-equipped clinic throughout your pregnancy and after birth to detect any abnormalities and intervene early. Choosing a clinic with a pediatric neurology specialist in St George is highly recommended. An experienced doctor can help you understand the treatment options and the common causes of neurologic disorders in children, which include the following:

Congenital Causes

These are the most prevalent causes of pediatric neurological disorders. They are typical factors children inherit from their parents through chromosomes and genes. Metabolic disorders, for instance, might lead to high blood serum concentration of certain substances that affect brain cells. Chromosomal and gene abnormalities are also common congenital causes of neurological defects. Prenatal screening is necessary to detect and manage any neurological disorders.

Peri- and Prenatal Causes

These are factors that occur during pregnancy and the period after birth. Environmental neurotoxins during pregnancy, such as lead, alcohol, and mercury are some of the common causes of neurological disorders. Folic acid nutritional deficiency might cause neural tubal defects, such as spina bifida. Insufficient blood flow to the uterus and the fetus’ brain might cause serious neurologic damage, which leads to epilepsy, cerebral palsy, and intellectual disorders.

Acquired Postnatal Causes

Postnatal causes include traumatic brain and spinal cord injuries from accidents. Exposure to toxins in infancy will also cause neurological problems. Infections, typically viral ones, such as meningitis and encephalitis in childhood might have long-term consequences, including neurologic disorders. Tumors affecting the brain and spinal cord may have the same effects.

Many advances in neurology benefit children with neurologic disorders. Physiotherapy, speech therapy, medications, and surgery are some of the treatment options available in pediatric neurology. Treatment varies according to the severity, stage, and type of neurologic condition.

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